marie stopes biography

1958. doi:10.1177/002581725802600205. Her stance and willingness to protest at places of worship led her into conflict with the Church of England and the Catholic Church. That same year she became an assistant lecturer of botany at the University of Manchester. She wrote a best-selling sex-manual for women and was a controversial birth control pioneer. Marie Stopes International, one of the world’s largest abortion providers, is changing its name due to unwanted attention that its founder was a eugenicist and a racist. Marie Stopes was born into a middle-class Victorian family. If you think this file should be featured on Wikimedia Commons as well, feel free to nominate it . She was highly controversial and divisive, but her influence on sexual and reproductive health remains strong over 50 years after her death. MSI 2030. Her clinics only provided contraception. Photo: Wikipedia. Marie Stopes married Humphrey Verdon Roe in 1918. However, Stopes also was a staunch supporter of eugenics, and she advocated for eugenic birth control, wherein inferior women of the lower classes would be prevented from having children. As we launch our new vision, we are changing our name from Marie Stopes International to MSI Reproductive Choices, reflecting our fundamental commitment to choice. Roe aircraft firm, who also had strong interests in the birth-control movement. Stopes' newsletter Birth Control News, her book Married Love, and her organisation Marie Stopes International, were hugely important in Britain and throughout the British Empire. Marie Stopes, in full Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, (born October 15, 1880, Edinburgh, Scotland—died October 2, 1958, near Dorking, Surrey, England), advocate of birth control who, in 1921, founded the United Kingdom’s first instructional clinic for contraception. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Marie Stopes is widely lauded today as a feminist hero and women’s rights campaigner. She also became very well known for her work in family planning which made her a national figure of some controversy. She was an influential figure in the early family planning movement, helping to break down taboos on issues such as contraception. File:Marie Stopes in her laboratory, 1904.jpg - Original (JPEG) This is a featured picture on the English language Wikipedia ( Featured pictures ) and is considered one of the finest images. The parent body of Marie Stopes Clinics round the world is now called Marie Stopes … One highly educated lady whom I know intimately told me that when she was about eighteen she suffered many months of agonizing apprehension that she was about to have a baby, because a man had snatched a kiss from her lips at a dance.”. Marie Stopes, who wrote probably the first sex guide in modern times, was a deeply narcissistic individual who thought that the Pope's encyclical Humanae Vitae was aimed at her personally, and wrote to the Pope accordingly. After her first degree, she made more studies in Palaeobotany, including a scientific mission to Japan in 1907. Marriage can never reach its full stature until women possess as much intellectual freedom and freedom of opportunity within it as do their partners.”. Stopes sued for libel. The Marie Stopes Clinic. Her failed marriage and its eventual annulment in 1916 played a large role in determining her future career, causing her to turn her attention to the issues of sex, marriage, and childbirth and their meaning in society. Her views were radical for the time and generated great publicity. Stopes opened the UK's first family planning clinic at 61, Marlborough Road, Holloway, North London on 17 March 1921. Marie Stopes, advocate of birth control who, in 1921, founded the United Kingdom’s first instructional clinic for contraception. Although her clinical work, writings, and speeches evoked violent opposition, especially from Roman Catholics, she greatly influenced the Church of England’s gradual Marie Carmichael Stopes D.Sc, PhD was a Scottish author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for women’s rights. It was one of the first books openly to discuss birth control. Biographies in her lifetime were written by acquaintances and vetted by her. Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution. In 1921, she opened the UK’s first family planning clinic in Holloway, London. Updates? Published 12 Jan 2012. Marie Charlotte Stopes was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on October 15, 1880. It also provided tips for sex and contraception. Our clinics. She became a leading 20th-century campaigner for women’s rights and birth control. This included attending a conference held in Nazi Germany in 1935. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. In the meantime she wrote Married Love and Wise Parenthood (both 1918), which were widely translated. Most of the sources listed are encyclopedic in nature but might be limited to a specific field, such as musicians or film directors. Desperate parents of large families often wrote to Stopes, hoping she could help to limit their family size. She was born in Scotland to Henry Stopes and Charlotte Carmichael Stopes. She was the foremost advocator of contraception and an influential leader of the early family planning movement. She was an influential figure in the early family planning movement, helping to break down taboos on issues such as contraception. She initially saw birth control as an aid to marriage fulfillment and as a means to save women from the physical strain of excessive childbearing. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Marie-Stopes, The Embryo Project Encyclopedia - Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Marie Stopes, Marie Stopes - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Although her clinical work, writings, and speeches evoked violent opposition, especially from Roman Catholics, she greatly influenced the Church of England’s gradual relaxation (from 1930) of its stand against birth control. Select Your Cookie Preferences. // 15th Oct 1880. Lesley A. 1993. The clinic which moved to Central London in 1925, is still in operation today. PMID 13622045. Marie Stopes was a British author and palaeobotanist who is known for her pioneering work in popularizing the importance of birth control and use of contraceptives in England. Married Love or Love in Marriage is a book by British academic Marie Stopes. The BBC history page dedicated to Marie Stopes introduces her as a “campaigner for women’s rights and a pioneer in the field of family planning” and says nothing negative about her. Posthumously, an English Heritage blue plaque was erected in Upper Norwood, where she lived from 1880 to 1892, in her commemoration. She married her first husband, a botanist named Reginald Ruggles Gates, in 1911. In the 1930s, she was also involved in the Eugenics movement arguing for the forcible sterilisation of those totally unfit for parenthood. ,Stopes was educated as a scientist. Stopes attended University College London where she studied Botany and Geology and gained a first class degree in 1902. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. In 1930, she played a role in forming the National Birth Control Council and became a leading advocate for making contraception more freely available. Hall, ‘Stopes [married name Roe], Marie Charlotte Carmichael’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004) (subscription required: accessed 14 Oct 2020) Ruth Hall, Marie Stopes: A Biography (London, 1977) June Rose, Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution (London,1992) She specialized in fossil plants and the problems of coal mining. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Marie Stopes (1880-1958) shook the world. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Marie Stopes was born on October 15, 1880 to Henry Stopes and Charlotte Carmichael Stopes in Edinburgh. She was an influential figure in the early family planning movement, helping to break down taboos on issues such as contraception. After World War II she promoted birth control in East Asian countries. Marie Stopes : biography 15 October 1880 – 2 October 1958 A few months later, Stopes, who had become enthusiastic about a contraceptive device called the "Gold-pin" which was reportedly successful in America, contacted a young Australian doctor in London, Norman Haire, and asked if he would be interested in running a clinical trial of […] She was later made the first female academic at the University of Manchester. The work of Sanger and Stopes reached only a small fraction of the millions of couples who in the 1920s and ’30s lived in a world irrevocably altered by World War I, crushed by economic depression, and striving for the then lowest birth rates in history. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Marie Stopes (1880-1958) Marie Carmichael Stopes D.Sc, PhD was a Scottish author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for women’s rights. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Stopes attended University College London where she studied Botany and Geology and gained a first class […] She opened the UK 's first family marie stopes biography movement, helping to break down taboos on such... For her work in family planning movement, helping to break down taboos on issues such as contraception plaque. ( ISBN: ) from Amazon 's book Store too often, marriage puts an end to woman s! 1925 the Mothers ' clinic moved to Central London in 1925 the Mothers ' clinic moved Central! In another database or other reference material books openly to discuss birth control the lookout your... Born into a middle-class Victorian family and campaigner for women ’ s first family planning,! 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