All of this is not to say that Marie Antoinette was not a spendthrift who wasted millions of dollars on unnecessary luxuries, but she was also capable of a Christian kindness that her enemies chose to ignore. This brother died young, however, and Louis-Auguste the loner was thrust into a public role as the heir apparent to the throne. In August 1934, the first group of notorious inmates arrived at the Big House on the Bay. How old was Louis XVI when he got married? French Royal Louis XVI of France was born Louis Auguste de France on 23rd August, 1754 in Palace of Versailles, France and passed away on 21st Jan 1793 Paris, France aged 38. Marie Antoinette (2006), Columbia Pictures . Joseph referred to the royals as “two complete blunderers” and didn’t discover any good reason why the sheets remained so cold in the royal bedchamber other than a lack of inclination or, perhaps, a lack of education. Aside from lock making and reading, one of Louis’s greatest passions was hunting. How do you Find Free eBooks On-line to Download? Louis XVI was the grandson of Louis XV.He became Dauphin in 1765 and inherited the throne in 1774 at the age of 20. There are stories that Louis-Auguste may have been scratched by one of these cats as a child. They were married on May 16th 1770. (Some historians have contended that this unique scent aided in the capture of the king and queen when they tried to flee to Austria during the height of the revolution.). … The character assassination was effective; upon her death at the guillotine on October 16, 1793, rabid crowds dipped their handkerchiefs in the queen’s blood and cheered when her disembodied head was raised up for view. One of the most troubling is the fate of Marie’s close friend, the Princess de Lamballe, who was superintendent of the royal household. Although Marie Antoinette likely had lovers during her reign (most notably, the Swedish count Axel von Fersen, with whom she exchanged love letters written in an elaborate code), the perversion attributed to her by her detractors was simply more fuel for the fire of hatred intended to weaken the regime. 15. Louis rian XVI was the king of France. An early marriage was hardly surprizing among royals. On the other hand, being king allowed Louis to explore his interests on an extravagant level, given that the palace at Versailles was his playground. One of the key reasons for royal marriages, however, was to produce heirs, and this was expected to happen with some alacrity. Louis was the son of Louis XIII and his Spanish queen, Anne of Austria. Louis xvi was then 15 years old. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette’s marriage confirmed and strengthened the Franco-Austrian alliance, which had many opponents among French elites and commoners. Not yet 12 years old, she was promised to the future king of France. Even before revolutionary fervor took hold of the country, pamphleteers published satirical, often obscene libelles intended to smear the Queen’s reputation. The pontiff cited advanced age as the reason behind his shocking move in February 2013, though his decision may have been aided by the difficulties of bringing the Church into the 21st century. The power of the press was rarely used for such ignominious ends. Since Louis didn’t seem very interested in a vivacious young bride, what exactly was he interested in? READ MORE: What Happened to Marie Antoinette’s Children? Each of these pioneers achieved a first for African Americans. The story goes that Marie thanked him courteously and then gave it away to one of her attendants. Or, maybe we recall their blasé attitude towards the working poor, as reflected in Marie Antoinette’s famous quip, “Let them eat cake.” Some of us may think immediately of the grim machine responsible for the royal couple’s untimely end, the guillotine. Louis XVI - Execution, Marie Antoinette & Children - Biography She even commissioned a unique perfume, whose floral sent was a mixture of orange blossom, jasmine, iris, and rose. An avid hunter like his grandfat… Louis-Auguste was not a promising specimen. She became increasingly unpopular among the people, however, with the … Nervous about the revolutionary fervor bubbling up in France, Louis asked Gamain to craft an iron chest with a special lock to protect important papers. Louis XVI was 15 years old when he married Marie Antoinette on May 16, 1770. He succeeded his father on May 14, 1643. Most strikingly, she baptized and took into her care a Senegalese boy presented to her as a gift, who normally would have been pressed into service. It wasn’t long before Louis became interested in carpentry and began to make furniture. Such personal indulgences no doubt added fire to the ire of the revolutionaries. However, these aims were blocked at every juncture by a hostile aristocracy desperate to preserve the social structure in France and irritated that their money was funding foreign wars. He was married to a Austrian princes named Marie Antonitte . Marie was especially fond of children, possibly because she had been childless for so long, and she adopted a number of children during her reign. 2. In 1774, with the death of King Louis XV, Louis and Marie were crowned king and queen of France. This tradition came to an end during Louis’s lifetime. Much of this character assassination was simply invented. Here's a look at some of the key players in the British monarchy — and which ones are closest to wearing the crown themselves. Louis, self-conscious and insecure, may not have been very interested in sex, unlike his licentious grandfather, who lambasted him for his reluctance. Although it wasn’t the kind of working with his hands that the French may have preferred, what Louis liked to do was work with metal and wood. Out for a carriage ride, one of her attendants accidentally ran over a winegrower in the field. Learning Objective. Marie, who was interested in sex, became increasingly frustrated with this state of affairs. Later on, Louis had much worse luck with his old friend from the locksmith shop. Unlike Louis-Auguste, who had a rather austere upbringing, she was a very social child with a close family and many friends. Get an intimate look at the king and his wife — the good, the bad and the naughty. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Paul Webster, Paris. Louis usually went to bed at 11 p.m., so the mischievous Marie set the clocks back so that he went to bed earlier without realizing it. On May 16, 1770, Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI were married at He apologized profusely and bought the woman a new one. Louis XVI was unprepared to be king. Luckily, his wife preferred dogs. Since they were more or less children at the time, we would not be surprised today that nothing much happened at first when Louis and Marie were thrust together. However, the French people hardly the union considered something to celebrate. Yogita Ingle 1 year, 8 months ago. This was the case for Louis-Auguste, third son of the dauphin of France, grandson of King Louis XV. What war bankrupted France during Louis XIV's reign? Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) was the King of France from 1774 until 1792, when the monarchy was abolished during the French Revolution.His overthrow and execution ended a monarchy that was over 1,000 years old, although he was not the last French king.. Louis came from the House of Bourbon.He became the king at the age of 20, after the death of his grandfather Louis XV. We take a look at a few of the most notorious. In fact, sometimes it doesn’t deliver a very accurate picture at all. Together with Louis, Marie gave liberally to charity. Governments interested in forming alliances with other countries would as a matter of course attempt to unite their leaders with the offspring of other royalty. Her mother Maria Theresa, acting as queen after the death of the emperor, planned to unite Austria with its former enemy France through marriage. He did, and the betrayal led to the discovery of the iron chest by the ministers seeking to overthrow the king. On 10 May 1774, her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI and she became queen. Several reasons have been proposed for the fact that the marriage went unconsummated for seven years. He grieved intensely at the loss of his wife, but his responsibility to provide for the succession to the French crown required he marry again quickly. It should be noted in Louis’s defense that household cats were not as common in the 18th century as they are now, and his distaste for them was not unusual. He took off his coat and his scarf and the headsman asked that he open his collar and extend his hands so that they could tie him up. Marie Antoinette. She was the last queen of France. Marie Antoinette, adorned with a necklace of her children, mourns the death of her husband. It’s unlikely that Louis would have tortured cats; he just didn’t seem to want them in his house. As an Austrian princess, her marriage to the future French king was an excellent way to seal the newfound bond between their two countries. For centuries, cats had been regarded as somewhat evil creatures in Europe, and during religious times of the year, they were regularly rounded up, tortured, and killed. As time went on, however, speculations about the Queen’s love life independent of her husband became rife. Louis XVI married to a austrian princess mary antoineete 1 Thank You. In 1770 at age 14, Marie Antoinette married the French dauphin Louis, grandson of Louis XV of France. Their parents had arranged the marriage to solidify an alliance between former enemies Austria and France, and their wedding ceremony took place a day after their meeting. Louis XIV was 15 years old at the time of his coronation in 1654, but he did not wield absolute power over France until seven years later when Mazarin died. She was 14 at the time, Louis was 15. She paid for his care and supported his family until he was able to work again. Marie became a scapegoat for the nation’s ills, her alleged moral failings representative of the monarchy’s evidently debauched character. He is most remembered for King of France. Marie Antoinette married Louis XVI at the age of 14. Louis XVI had one of the most impressive personal libraries of his day, almost 8,000 carefully arranged volumes of bound leather. It wasn’t the first time she and Louis picked up the bill; they even took financial care of the families hurt in the stampede on their wedding day. A frustrated populace soon blamed the king and the nobility for inaction and revolutionary attitudes began to foment. A special tea set was dedicated to the purpose. Seven Years War (French Indian War) After Louis XV's death, was Louis XVI ready to be king? Her favorite form of chocolate was in liquid form; she’d begin every day with a hot cup of chocolate with whipped cream, often enhanced by orange blossom. Two occurrences of that day could be seen as bad omens for the marriage: a big storm, which threatened ominously during the ceremony, and a riot at the fireworks display that resulted in hundreds of people getting trampled. Robinson Crusoe was one of his favorite fictional works. Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna was born in Vienna, the beautiful daughter of Emperor Francis I. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. As the story about the clock makes clear, Louis was not exactly a party animal. Today, on the anniversary of King Louis XVI's execution in 1793, we spotlight some facts about him and his wife Marie Antoinette that may help to add a human dimension to our understanding of these often maligned historical figures. She died by the guillotine Yet, this tidbit of misinformation has defined her for generations. This historical shorthand may be the best we can do when we’re trying to absorb the whole of human history, but it doesn’t present us with a very well-rounded picture of an era or its important actors. Louis was a strong student nevertheless, excelling in history and languages. fashion and being loved by everyone. Although he was generally a fair and gentle man, Louis XVI did bear some hatred in his heart for one particular race of creatures: cats. When did organ music become associated with baseball? What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. How old was Louis XIV when he married? A marriage between the two royal houses had been planned since the early 1760s, but only came about in 1770. The French Revolution tore the queen apart from her two surviving offspring. Photo: The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images. For instance, Marie Antoinette, forever identified with the contemptuous phrase “Let them eat cake,” never actually spoke those words. All of this slander would be so much hot air if it didn’t have real-life consequences. He crafted her a spinning wheel, a considerate present for a clotheshorse like Marie Antoinette, who averaged over 200 new dresses per year. Louis XVI married Marie Antoinette (Austrian name was Maria Antonia) on May 16, 1770. He himself felt woefully unqualified to resolve the situation. Scurrilous publications had depicted the princess as the queen’s lesbian lover, and public sentiment was against her. Louis was born on August 23, 1754 in Versailles to parents Louis, the... See full answer below. Maria Antonia (1755 – 1793), commonly known as Marie Antoinette, was born in Vienna as the youngest daughter of … But in case the bride was too young her mother or another concerned woman took pains to avoid a too early hankypanky. Louis XIV, the Sun King, was particularly known for his behavior with women. How old was Louis XVI when he got married? While Louis was busy making locks and spinning wheels, Marie was indulging her taste for luxury. He supported the American Revolution, hoping to weaken the British Empire. At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property … Versailles. At the time of his birth, Louis was third in line to the throne, behind his father and older brother. The future Louis XVI was born at Versailles in August 1754. Some accounts say that the head was tauntingly raised up so that Marie could view it from her cell in the Temple tower, where she was imprisoned. There were over 5,000 guests, and a crowd of 200,000 watched the concluding fireworks display. For a king who tried very hard to be popular and fair, asserting more than once that he “wanted to be loved” by the people, this development was dismaying. He was the second son of Louis, Dauphin of France, and his German-born wife Maria Josepha. She established a home for unwed mothers; patronized the Maison Philanthropique, a society for the aged, widowed, and blind; and made frequent visits to poor families, giving them food and money. Her mother eventually sent Marie’s brother Joseph to town to find out what the problem was. Chocolate was still largely a luxury item in 18th century France, so a steady diet of chocolate was the kind of luxury only available to a queen. The childlessness of the royal couple was no doubt responsible for the initial attacks, which focused just as frequently on Louis. Affection was an absent commodity between Louis and his grandfather, and he was unlikely to share enthusiasm for anything that his grandfather loved. 0 Thank You. Once he accidentally shot a female courtier’s cat, thinking it was one of the feral Versailles cats. When she got older, she ended up marrying the future king of France, Louis XVI. Throughout his life, he had a myriad of affairs before, during, and after his marriage to Queen Marie Thérèse. Political pamphleteers of the day did much to deride Marie Antoinette for her profligate spending habits, nicknaming her “Madame Déficit.” They often portrayed her as an ignorant woman who treated her social inferiors with disregard at best and contempt at worst. Louis XVI of France was previously married to Marie Antoinette (1770 - 1793). Louis’s extensive reading fostered enlightened aims. 15. Who is Louis XVI's wife? Marie Antoinette's position at court improved when, after eight years of marriage, she started having children. Kings and queens, living on a large stage, experience more spectacular successes and more dramatic failures than most of us, but ultimately they are just people. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? 'Satchmo' became an international star known for his jaunty personality and such popular tunes as 'What a Wonderful World' and 'Hello Dolly.' Often, the attacks on her took on a very unwholesome hue. At Metz, near France’s northeastern border, “Cat Wednesday” was a Lenten tradition in which 13 cats in a cage were burned alive in front of a cheering crowd. The Austrian alliance had pulled France into the unpopular Seven Years’ War, which led to France’s humiliating defeat by the British and Prussians. Marriages often took place by proxy in those days; Maria Antonia was married to Louis in 1768, without having met him (her brother stood in). How did Louis XVI(16) treat the people of France and what was his level of preparedness to become the King of France? All Rights Reserved. Other examples of her kindness abound. While Marie enjoyed music, dancing, and gambling, Louis’ idea of a pleasant evening was to enjoy a good book by the fireside and retire early. But his impact was much, more more. Some ill-advised policies advanced by Louis did nothing to contradict this point of view. Marriage myths of a foppish Louis XVI and his Austrian queen are shattered by new research. A party girl, she planned and attended innumerable dances, once famously playing a trick on her homebody husband to get out the door sooner. Marie Antoinette was only 14 years old when she married 15-year-old Louis XVI. The choice is not that surprising for a man who probably wished he were on a desert island at times. During the famine of 1787, she sold the royal flatware to provide grain for struggling families, and the royal family ate cheaper grain so there would be more food to go around. She liked playing music and dancing and was reportedly very talented at both. At various times, Marie was accused of sleeping with her brother-in-law, generals of the army, other women (apparently, women of Austrian background were considered by many French to be inclined towards lesbianism), and even her son. Some accounts mention mutilation and sexual violation as part of the attack, although these accounts have been disputed; what is not disputed is that she was beaten and beheaded, her head stuck on a pike and marched around Paris. He advocated the abolition of serfdom, an increase in religious tolerance, and fewer taxes on the poor. King Louis XVI of France was 38 years old when he died. Always somewhat unpopular in France owing to her provenance (the French and Austrians had disliked each other for hundreds of years), Marie Antoinette was one of the most attacked public figures in the history of France. On the big day, Louis donned a suit of silver, and Marie wore a lilac dress dripping with diamonds and pearls. Two of Marie’s favorite things were, ironically enough, things we associate with romance: flowers and chocolate. In 1770, she was finally sent to France for the formal marriage ceremony. She died by the guillotine She was the last queen of France. Once, Louis attempted to use his talents to reach out to his wife. Marie Antoinette was 14 years of age; Louis XVI was Most likely, Antonia would not have been selected to fulfill this duty, but her older, eligible sisters had died from an outbreak of smallpox. As was the custom, the groom’s grandfather accompanied the … Not yet 12 years old, she was promised to the future king of France. Furthermore, Louis XV had allowed his cats to breed indiscriminately, and they overran the grounds at Versailles. While none doubted his intellectual ability to rule France, it was … He ascended the throne in 1744. What influence does Sikhism have on drinking? 14 She Got Married At 14. On 19 April the wedding took place by proxy in Vienna, marrying the Dauphin and future Louis XVI, the grandson of Louis XV, to Marie-Antoinette, the youngest daughter of Maria-Theresa of Habsburg. A view of the Tapis Vert at Versailles, with the king and Marie Antoinette in the foreground. His zodiac sign is Leo. At Versailles, Louis, the French dauphin, marries Marie Antoinette, the daughter of Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. France hoped their marriage would strengthen its alliance with Austria, its longtime enemy. In 1746, Louis received the Order of the Golden Fleece from his father-in-law, King Philip V of Spain. In the days of the European monarchies, marriage was less a matter of personal inclination than political expediency. As for chocolate, Marie had her own chocolate maker on the premises at Versailles. Louis was only 16 years old. Raised by her family in a homespun manner, often helping out with chores and playing with “common” children, Marie nonetheless took to the role of queen with gusto. The royal locksmith, a man named François Gamain, befriended him and taught him how to make locks from scratch. When Louis XVI acceded to the throne in 1774, he was nineteen years old. Key Points. By this time, Gamain had secretly joined the revolutionary cause. 1. louis XVI was from the nourbon family of kings who ascended the throne of the france in 1774 2.He was 20 year old when he got married to the Austrian princess marie antionette 3.under Louis XVI ,france helped the thirteen American colonies to gain their independence from the common enemy ,britain 1 Thank You. Louis XVI came down from his horse carriage and was greeted by the headsman, Charles-Henri Sanson. She became notorious for her pricey fashions and expensively sculpted hair. Joseph’s straight talk during his visit seemed to produce results; the couple sent him a thank-you letter and produced four children in relatively quick succession. Check out these seven surprising facts about one of the longest-serving monarchs in European history. Which letter is given first to active partition discovered by the operating system? His grandfather, the king, considered him “ungainly” and “dimwitted”; kinder appraisers regarded him as shy and withdrawn, living in the shadow of an attractive older brother being groomed for the crown. He was very young when he got the leadership of being a king passed down to him, and he did not really know how to do his job correctly. Some wags wondered if the children were Louis’s, given Marie’s almost understandable interest in other men at court, but no one was able to prove otherwise. Second marriage. After a show trial, she was marched into the streets and attacked by a violent mob. Marie Antoinette flew out of the carriage to attend personally to the hurt man. Similarly, when an usher and his wife died suddenly, Marie adopted the three children, paying for two girls to enter a convent while the third became a companion for her son Louis-Charles. Although Marie Antoinette was guilty of sins against decorum and exhibited a certain insensitivity to the value of money, she was a person who liked people and bore little resemblance to the cold villain portrayed by her detractors. In the case of the royal couple, a long night stretched into seven years, a situation that not only personally distressed the members of the royal household, but which in time became a political liability. The Wedding of 14 year old Marie Antoinette to 15 year old Louis Auguste. He was not very prepared. He had an enormous responsibility, as the government was deeply in debt, and resentment of despotic monarchy was on the rise. About. What kinds of things is Marie Antoinette interested in? When not pursuing animals in the field, he would often hunt and shoot the cats overrunning the Versailles grounds. Marie warned Louis that Gamain might be untrustworthy, but Louis could not believe that his friend of 20 years would betray him. The future king always knew he had to find a wife, but his search for a suitable partner took years. Sun 4 Aug 2002 05.05 EDT. Wedding Night Jitters. The long delay had done damage to Louis’ reputation as king, however, with some critics contending that a man who could not perform on a personal level was likely to be just as ineffective as a leader. Unlike Marie, whose education was spotty, Louis was well-educated and continued to be interested in learning once he became king. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. For pornographic publishers, vilifying the queen while also engaging in cheap (and profitable) titillation was a win-win situation. Explain the political reasons for the marriage of Marie-Antoinette and Louis XVI. She became dauphine of France in May 1770 at age 14 upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne. She actually met Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart when he was a seven-year-old child prodigy when she was a kid. Unencumbered with learning how to be kingly at a young age, Louis found himself drawn to the solitary pursuits of lock making and carpentry. Louis became a married man early—in 1770 he married Marie Antoinette, his 14-year-old second cousin once removed, when he was just 15 himself. Flowers were almost an obsession with the queen, who papered her walls with flowered wallpaper, decorated all of her commissioned furniture with flower motifs (perhaps Louis should have put a daisy or two on that spinning wheel), and tended the real thing in her own personal flower garden on her mini-estate at Versailles, Petit Trianon. He was born on August 23, 1754 and died January 21, 1793 when he was executed. Although he no doubt read the philosophy and political thinking that was current, he was a big fan of history and even read fiction. These drug traffickers live brutally violent and ruthless lives, which are much dirtier than Hollywood could ever depict. Perhaps we think of the couple’s ostentatious wealth, as exemplified by their palace at Versailles. Louis XIV was crowned on June 7, 1654 and reigned as king of France for 61 years. As king, Louis XVI focused primarily on religious freedom and foreign policy. He was 15 years … History is made by people – people who have likes and dislikes, who love and hate, who possess virtues as well as flaws. The reign of Louis XVI, the final Bourbon king of France, was a varied and eventful one, but when we think of him and his queen Marie Antoinette, certain associations inevitably pop into our minds. Because of this, the young prince was sidelined and not trained for royal duties. 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