tectonic lakes in europe

Even though many visitors are staying for a weekend only, tourism makes an important share of local economy (~1 visitor/inhabitant). [34] 73.5% (50 species) of the total freshwater gastropod fauna appear to be endemic to the Lake Ohrid basin. In order to clarify the differences of lake hydrochemistry of Tibetan Plateau, water samples were collected from 32 lakes, including 22 tectonic lakes and 11 glacial lakes, along the Tibetan Plateau road, from September to October 2016. Over 400 meters (1,300 feet) deep, it is the deepest lake in Europe. It drains into the Gulf of Finland through the Neva River which acts as its outlet. Religious monuments such as the Black Madonna SW of Struga and St Naum monastery are counterposed with ravages of war such as the fortifications of the Macedonian Front across Galicica Mountain[41], The Macedonian side of Lake Ohrid was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO at the 3rd Session of the World Heritage Committee in 1979[42] and holds that status under Criterion VII as a superlative natural phenomenon related to its refuge function for relict and world-unique freshwater species, and its rich bird life. 8. IX (Uitgeverij Dr. W. Junk, Den Haag, Netherlands, 1960), M.R. Indeed, sediment cores show a ~3.5 fold increase in phosphorus concentration over the past century. Biogeosciences, 7, 3377–3386, www.biogeosciences.net/7/3377/2010/doi:10.5194/bg-7-3377-2010/, Z. Spirkovski, Z. Krstanovski, L. Selfo, M. Sanxhaku, V.I. However it may take more than a decade to see the effects of today's pollution level in the lake, because of its long water residence time. Furthermore, it is popular for over 48 species of fish that are found in it. The water leaves Lake Prespa trickling through underground watercourses in the karstic landscape, where it is joined by mountain range precipitation and eventually emerges in numerous springs along the eastern shore and below the water surface of Lake Ohrid. Once the ice in these depressions melts, glacial lakes are created. The Dead Sea belongs to the same system. The world’s deepest lake is Lake Baikal, in Russia. Earthquakes are common at mid-ocean ridges since the movement of magma and oceanic crust results in crustal shaking. Lake Ohrid, is also the namesake of Ohrid Lacus, a hydrocarbon lake on the Saturnian moon Titan. Lake Salda is one of Turkey`s deepest, clearest and cleanest tectonic lakes. A. Matzinger, M. Schmid, E. Veljanoska-Sarafiloska, S. Patceva, D. Guseska, B. Wagner, B. Müller, M. Sturm, A. Wüest, M. Watzin, V. Puka, T. B. Naumoski (eds), "Lake Ohrid and its watershed, state of the environment report" (Lake Ohrid Conservation Project. Tectonic lakes The Caspian Sea is a tectonic lake. The Swiss Tectonic Arena receives an average of 58.66 inches of precipitation a year, so the threat of severe weather in … from the eastern coast of lake ohrid: Baseline data suggesting the presence of a pollution gradient", "The Declaration on the Protection of the Lake Ohrid Ecosystem", http://www.sws.org/images/chapters/europe/Declaration.pdf, Official website for Info, Places to visit and reservations in Ohrid, University of Information Science and Technology, Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments and National Museum, Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe, Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Ohrid&oldid=998437848, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles containing Macedonian-language text, Articles containing Albanian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 11:02. Once the ice in these depressions melts, glacial lakes are created. It is 30.4 km long by 14.8 km wide at its maximum extent with a shoreline length of 87.53 km, shared between North Macedonia (56.02 km) and Albania (31.51 km). Geography, 13.01.2021 14:00, sabel1234 How tectonic plates formed [43] In addition, draft Decision 43 COM 7B.36 was released[45] recommending for the Ohrid region, including Lake Ohrid, to be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger during the 43rd Session of the World Heritage Committee in Baku, Azerbaijan. It covers an area of 358 km² (138 sq mi), containing an estimated 55.4 km³ of water. Although there is time to react, computer simulations indicate that at least a 50% reduction in phosphorus input must be reached to keep the deep water oxygenated for the next 50 years at predicted atmospheric warming. The volume of the lake is estimated to be 50.7 km3 with maximum depth 289 m and the average depth 151 m. Lake Ohrid is a resource … Similar to Lake Baikal or Lake Tanganyika, Lake Ohrid harbors endemic species covering the whole food-chain, from phytoplankton and sessile algae (20 species; e.g., Cyclotella fottii), over plant species (2 species; e.g., Chara ohridana), zooplankton (5 species; e.g., Cyclops ochridanus), cyprinid fish (8 species; e.g., Pachychilon pictus), to predatory fish (two trout species; the Ohrid trout complex Salmo letnica, and "Belvica" Salmo ohridanus) and finally its diverse endemic bottom fauna (176 species; e.g. The most probable reason is overfishing and possibly destruction of spawning grounds. Moreover, it was shown that the negative effects from eutrophication would be significantly amplified by global warming. 8. Located on the border between Macedonia and Albania, between the mountains Petrino, Galichica and Suva Gora on east, Belicka and Mokra mountains to the west. Pollution may also be a factor. Glacial lakes are quite common and most of North America’s and Europe’s lakes have a glacial origin. Lake Malawi is a lake of tectonic origin a typical rift or graben lake. Lake Ohrid formed in the Tertiary period between 3.5 and 4 million years ago, is one of the oldest lakes in the world. [52], Shore habitats are under particular pressure from human activities. A third of the bottom area is covered by vegetation, and there is a large amount of algae. Between the two plates is a rift valley. It extends from the southeast region of the continent to the north to the southwest of Asia. Most lakes are found in the northern and western parts of Europe where there are countries like Russia, Sweden and Scandinavia. They are formed due to tectonic movements of the earth’s crust. Lake Ohrid is one of the oldest in the world, and the deepest in the Balkans, with a maximum depth of 288 m (940 ft) and a mean depth of 155 m (508 ft). It is the largest lake in the Alps and Western Europe. [38], Despite the exceptionally high level of endemism in Lake Ohrid (for example, a third of the 21 native fish species and almost 80% of its 72 mollusc species are endemic), a significant number of non-endemic species are found in Lake Ohrid. There is a minor road around the lake, with border crossings between Albania and North Macedonia. Some of the well-known and largest lakes on Earth are rift lakes occupying rift valleys, e.g. Over 20% of the lake's water comes from nearby Lake Prespa, about 10 km (6.2 mi) to the southeast and at 150 m higher altitude than Lake Ohrid. These lakes are among the oldest of modern lakes, as are other graben lakes, particularly those within the East African Rift System , which extends through the East African lake system and includes the Red Sea ( see also tectonic landforms: Rift valleys ). The Great Lakes of North America and the lakes of England’s Lake District are all examples of glacial lakes. The Caspian Sea, in Europe and Asia, is the world’s largest lake, with an area of more than 370,000 square kilometers (143,000 square miles). Although the effects of these human impacts have not been evaluated in detail they are of great concern, as the shallow water sites are particularly rich in endemic bottom fauna and form important spawning grounds for several endemic fish species. [24], Changes to the General Urban Plan for Ohrid 2014–2020, however, made provisions for Studenchishte Marsh to be drained and replaced with infrastructure for tourism and water-sports,[21][25] a proposal which, together with other regional developments, was opposed by numerous local and international experts,[26] including the Society of Wetland Scientists. The lake is otherwise densely surrounded by settlements in the form of villages and resorts in both basin countries. Ohrid Lake is a tectonic lake in the southwest part of the Republic of Macedonia. Nonetheless, even though thorough assessment of fish stocks has not been conducted since the 1990s[22] and trout populations are still believed to be in decline,[55] fishing with quotas was restarted in 2012 under the auspices of a concessionaire. Lake Ohrid is situated in an active tectonic region at the border between the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of Albania. [57] It further describes the "critical importance" of the last intact marsh on the Lake Ohrid shore, Studenchishte Marsh, in terms of its species composition and ecosystem services such as water quality improvement, carbon storage and flood retention among others.[57]. It is also the 14th largest freshwater lake in the world by area. the two endemic trout species, has dropped significantly over the past decades, both in North Macedonia and in Albania. It is where the parliament of Iceland was first founded around the year 930 and where it continued to meet until 1798. 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tectonic lakes in europe 2021