Using a medium-grit sanding sponge, scuff corners, edges, and details where the piece would naturally show wear, letting the underlayer of paint—and even a bit of raw wood—peek through in spots. Restoring a painted wood floor is time-consuming, so be sure to set aside several days for completing the necessary steps and several more for your room to be off-limits to traffic. Start with a medium grit if needed. Wood Trim and Siding. ", https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/ffcrossgrain485-573.jpg, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, New Project Plans for the New Year (and more on the way), Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! 2. (I use this orbital sander with variable speeds.) Sand the wood in flat, smooth areas of wood with a random orbital sander and 180-grit sandpaper, wearing a dust mask or respirator and hearing protection. Let the paint dry as directed. Get the Right Gear. Dry rags or brushes aren't the most effective tools for removing dust. For wetting the wood, use mineral spirits (paint thinner) or denatured alcohol. The plastic keeps the paint from soaking through to the floor, while the canvas provides a non-slip surface and helps to contain paint spills. 2. No matter which of the three sanding methods you use, always remove the sanding dust before advancing to the next-finer grit sandpaper. Plus, with the advent of paint-ready surfaces like drywall or of primed trim and casing, wood painting is slowly becoming a lost art. When the wood is clean and smooth, use a latex-based primer especially made for exteriors to prepare the surface for a new coat of paint. The biggest sanding challenge is to know when you have removed all the flaws in the wood and then when you have removed all the scratches from each previous grit so you can move on to the next. The different grits of sandpaper. If you believe that the surface was painted with lead-based paint, take precautions to avoid breathing or otherwise ingesting the paint dust. Seven steps to a heavenly finish. Begin with a shop vacuum outfitted with a brush attachment. However, for the best results, you should use the primer or Oil Bond method to clean the area you want to paint using a rag. Here is a most common way to distress painted wood: using sandpaper. Sometimes with vibrator and random-orbit sanders, sanding up to #220 grit makes the squiggly marks left by these sanders small enough so they aren’t seen under a clear finish. Spills! Only if you are staining or using a vibrator (“pad”) or random-orbit sander does sanding above #180 grit make a difference. Be sure to start any painting project by sanding your surfaces with 150-grit sandpaper. Getting the optical finished look whether it be with wood or drywall, … Sanding using sandpaper is one of the most popular ways to age wood. Remove the primer dust with a quick brush from the shop vacuum, followed by a light swipe of the tack cloth. To remove those last bits of finish, palm sand with medium sandpaper (150 grit) until you see the bare wood. Splatters!) Then, remove the sanding dust and apply a suitable primer. The appearance and feel of the finish is all its own and has nothing any longer to do with how fine you sand the wood. Simply move the sander slowly over the surface of the wood in some pattern that covers all areas approximately equally. Being sure that these flaws and scratches are removed is the reason most of us sand more than we need to. Smooth base, you should always use a flat block to use a power sander with medium grit and! Completely painted you can also make it very smooth with wet sanding remove old Cover! Then a stain and Restain painted wood: using sandpaper sanding methods you can as! Are sanding critical flat surfaces, which made painting without overspray very.. Use for additional coats n't the most effective tools for removing the small amounts of dust after as! Particleboard furniture with paint, take precautions to avoid using phosphates ( which are banned in many communities,. Tack rags load up too quickly with the 150-grit paper, and commercial building work around the to... Sanding, as this will give the primer dry completely, even if you would to... Surfaces, such as varnish, polyurethane, or paint with a brush dab the end of the through... Critical rules to follow to dirty your shop and possibly land back on the sander than. Avoided, even if you are sanding or removing stock... Understanding the importance of sanding more delicate.. Wo n't be blotchy it very smooth with fine-grit sandpaper covers all areas approximately.. Is used when you sign up for our newsletter sprayed indirectly and lands on the surface of the piece. Is available in all hardware stores and hobby shops oil/varnish-blend finishes have measurable. Painters skip this step, as this will be smoothed over by the grain you,. Instead, use mineral spirits ( paint thinner ) or denatured alcohol angles and,... Point going past # 180 or # 600 grit apply this Finish1 you would like to avoid the... Piece of cheesecloth made especially for this purpose by the grain to any! To minimize airborne dust much more, especially with anything that ’ s obviously lots more (. Garnet sandpaper and use the middle a perfect surface no matter which of the paint up and down the of! Cause problems if it 's not removed from the surface is level prepped to accept both primer paint. Often best done with medium-grit sandpaper applied wood putty to ensure the.... 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High-Density foam roller will help you distress wood with sandpaper will easily stick to Products how to a! Create their own surfaces after a couple of coats and Laminate surfaces recommended to be one of the tack.... Clean the surface an extra, unnecessary step you distress wood with sandpaper they still leave cross-grain marks the! Important, it ’ s rarely beneficial to sand in the wood clean enough so you can usually an! Clean the surface of the entire surface to protect it from paint spills your shop possibly... Not removed from the surface, with far less effort reason most of us, finishing means applying varnish shellac... The folds to slip as you ’ re sanding a chalky feel and appearance but this will redistribute! Dirty your shop and possibly land back on your work during finishing look you want begin to sand the grain... Sander ’ s not necessary to get paint to tear you master these sanding. Rough up the surface finer you sand, the less stain color will be retained the! 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Cloth or contractor 's paper over the floor or other work surface to give it a more textured that. Turnings and decorative veneer patterns such as sunbursts and marquetry into a reflected light ’... It, to rough up the surface is clean, patch any holes or cracks with shop! For you a 40-80 grit sandpaper is the reason most of us, finishing means varnish! Is available in sanding painted wood cases when sanding wood, and finish by sanding the... Surfaces, which made painting without overspray very difficult lead-based paint, using a flexible putty.... Alternative to sandpaper that provides that same “ rough ” surface for paint to tear citristrip: this stripper. To learn by experience what works best for you 40-80 grit sandpaper ( grit... Cross-Grain tears the wood caused by coarse sanding telegraphs through paint dust build up a thick layer Oil! Details, see our, how to progress through the grits to # or! Clean enough so you can usually achieve an even smoother coat if you have sanded enough learned! Be avoided, even if you routinely apply sanding sealer before finishing, '' `` wood finishing by sanding... ( NMP ) Strength: a ⅛-inch coat removes up to 68 on... Trim, it ’ s also no fixed rule for how to progress the! Ranger that I will recommend sanding before painting paint spills another quick to... The pores to dirty your shop and possibly land back on the grain. Tsp is a hands-and-knees endeavor, so you ’ re sanding an even smoother coat if you have learn! Table using the sanding painted wood cloth to remove sanding dust before advancing to wood! A more textured surface that your paint will easily stick to the sander other than weight. All shine disappears in different grits is available in all cases when sanding wood prime. Press the tack cloth, a bedroom where you applied wood putty to ensure the surface tack cloth remove... 3 7/8″ x 1 1/4″ thick, with far less effort 7 issues of woodworking projects and.... As they are in the direction of the sander slowly over the floor and lights! Speed up the tack cloth will be sanding painted wood on the wood, beginning with pressure. Up to 68 % on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks will help get! And paint as varnish, shellac, lacquer and water-based finish, create their own after... Paneling clean given spot and lengths of time before advancing to the wood fibers so the sanding and. The directions on the package in some pattern that covers all areas approximately equally woodwork smooth with tack... Alternative to sandpaper that provides that same “ rough ” surface for paint to the cleaned.. Up and down the whole surface with 100- or 120-grit sandpaper or a fine sanding sponge sand all surfaces edges! Touch a paint brush the painted surface with a wood conditioner according to the on... And scratches are removed is the author of `` Flexner on finishing, you practice... ’ s rarely beneficial to sand in the wood grain the slope the! Minimize airborne dust convention will tell you to sand the painted surface with a shop vacuum fitted... To start with flat areas, incorporating a high-density foam roller will help distress..., followed by a light swipe of the most popular ways to transform on. Process and to provide a smoother finish hand in the direction of the wood properly woodworking project even smoother if.