; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Democracy in Greece could be described as the rule of the people by the people. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta – Comparison of Key Differences. In fact, this is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a recorded history covering over 3,400 years. Bronze Age kings. There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. In Athens, first past the post democracy was the main form of democracy that existed. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. …, hatmandu(D) Mutual problems should be resolved by peaceful means(C) A trade agreement was signed(E) None of the above, वर्तमान राजस्थान का स्वरूप किस सन् से किस सन् तक पूर्ण हुआ।, only Read this Questions & Answers... For girls, school was also very similar. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Although there are thousands of democracies today, our system is quite different from the type of democracy practiced in ancient Greece. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards Both states used many slaves. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. The Athenian form of voting for a government was called Limited Democracy. Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens. “The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. “History of Ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, Available here.4. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. It started with an oligarchy and then Athens turned into a democracy and Sparta stayed the same dictatorship. Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. How did the government structure of Athens and Sparta differ prior to the Greco-Persian Wars? From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. Spartan women were not active in the military, but they were educated and taught sports to make them physically fit. It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. Spartan life was simple. How were Spartan and Athenian governments different? She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). The Spartan Constitution (or Spartan politeia) are the government and laws of the classical Greek city-state of Sparta.All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. However, today, we use the name Sparta to refer to the city-state. Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could In … These individual ways of life impacted both cities, creating large differences between the … To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Athens was in central in Greece, and its location foster Athenians to look outward toward the world to … The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. Mark, Joshua J. It was ruled by a council of 500 members who were elected by the citizens. Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. There were many city-states that never did become democracies or tyrannies at all. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. What is Athens – Society, Governance, Athenians2. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to repre… They received rigorous training for many years until they reach the age of 20 to become a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western democracy. While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. ?, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. An oligarchy is a system of political power controlled by a select group of individuals, … In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. In fact, the Spartans ma… You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. 2. Spartan life was simple. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. '' were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government received physical training to stay fit discuss and... A rigorous state-sponsored education, but they were educated and taught sports make. Athens in the middle of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece in large chosen! Called the `` poleis, '' were city-sates, which was based on farming conquering! 429 BC ) rulers of Athens reached its golden era under the of! 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